Gum Disease Causes and Prevention


Gum disease is a common health problem that most of us will experience at some point in our lives. While most cases can be treated effectively severe gum disease is impossible to cure completely and can cause irreversible damage to the mouth. This condition is the leading cause of adult tooth loss but can be prevented easily by keeping an eye on the foods you eat and adopting a thorough daily oral hygiene routine.

The causes

There are many possible causes but the most common is plaque, a sticky substance made from a combination of food particles and bacteria. Plaque can be removed by brushing and flossing, but can harden and turn into tartar if not removed. The bacteria in plaque and tartar irritate the gums, making them sore and swollen. The main reason tartar develops around the gum line is poor oral hygiene. If you don’t brush your teeth on a regular basis the plaque hardens and this spells trouble for your teeth and gums.

Certain people are at risk of developing gum disease if you smoke have diabetes or other conditions that affect the immune system. Diet can also play an important role as people who eat a lot of sugary and acidic foods have a higher risk of developing both decay and gum disease.

Preventing gum disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is to take good care of your teeth and gums, which should involve brushing twice a day, flossing and rinsing with mouthwash. A good oral hygiene routine will help to remove plaque and bacteria from your mouth, keeping your teeth looking healthy and bright and reducing the risk of bad breath. Visiting your dentist is also very important and you should aim to have a check-up every 6 months. High risk patients may be advised to see a dental hygienist on a regular basis, as they are experts in cleaning the mouth and will help to reduce the risk of gum disease.

If you notice symptoms such as swollen and sore gums or bleeding after brushing, make sure to see your dentist. Do not wait until your next check-up as gum disease gets worse over time and advanced cases can cause irreversible damage to the teeth and potentially lead to tooth loss.

Rick comes to you from the site with tips and tricks on how to get your dental health up to grade.

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